Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ is a large and hardy evergreen shrub, bearing bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins. Elaeagnus Shrub Care. Unusually, Elaeagnus ebbingei (Oleaster) produces subtly fragrant white flowers in autumn and small orange fruits in spring. Silvery new growth adds seasonal interest to this evergreen shrub. Trim hedges in early and late summer. It is in leaf all year, in flower from October to January, and the seeds ripen from April to May. Water thoroughly until water starts to drain from the holes in the bottom of the container. When planting Elaeagnus in dense clay or poor quality soils thoroughly mix in some good organic matter such as bagged top soil and/or a good planting mix at a 25 to 50% ratio with the soil removed from the planting hole. It is also tolerant of salt winds allowing it to thrive in coastal locations. However, should you wish to shape your Oleaster hedge, this should be carried out in autumn and any diseased, damaged or dead shoots should be cut away in mid-spring. Elaeagnus x ebbingei ‘Coastal Gold’ zones 7-11, evergreen, variegated Elaeagnus x ebbingei ‘Gilt Edge’ zones 7-11, evergreen, variegated When you’re ready to expand your social circle of plants with an irresistible combination of good looks, durability and drought tolerance, Elaeagnus is a real winner. What Causes Flower Buds To Fall Off Or Drop From A New Plant Or Tree? Russian olives shrubs are very drought tolerant, and you’ll probably never have to … Jill Kokemuller has been writing since 2010, with work published in the "Daily Gate City." Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Viveleg' Other names. The thorns on Elaeagnus pungens are up to 2" long & they aren't messing around, so beware! Insignificant but … In average garden soil you should not have to water your newly planted Elaeagnus plants every day. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. A hedge is made of closely planted shrubs or other plants which, as they grow and are trimmed and shaped or left to grow natural, form a straight or curved solid wall or fence of foliage from 1 to 10 feet in height. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Water deeply, regularly during first growing season to establish extensive root system; reduce frequency once established. If you're unsure about the pH of your soil, and whether or not it's suitable for growing Elaeagnus, it's a good idea to test the soil pH in the planting area. If you want to grow the tree form of Elaeagnus, pruning should begin while the shrub is still young. Keep in mind that deep soaking less frequently, and allowing the soil to dry out somewhat before watering again, is much better than splashing just a little water on the plants every day. Why Are The Tips Of The Leaves On My Azaleas Turning Brown or Black? When planted right and in the right spot Elaeagnus shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and care for. Cease pruning two months prior to the average first-frost date in your area. If you are planting the root ball higher than ground level, as shown in the illustration above, taper your soil mixture gradually from the top edge of the root ball to the ground level. Fast growing and long-lived, Elaeagnus are most often used in the landscape to form quick natural or formal evergreen hedges and screens. For a formal hedge, plant Olive Martini™ Elaeagnus approximately 10 … Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. The leaves are dark green with silver speckles and silver coloured undersides, which look stunning where the wind will blow the leaves to expose the undersides. Elaeagnus X ebbingei - 'Limelight' (Elaeagnus): This much planted evergreen shrub is fast growing, very hardy, it flourishes in any garden garden soil other than shallow chalk. The most extensive rejuvenation pruning is the practice of cutting the whole shrub to a height of 6 to 12 inches above the ground in late winter. Make cuts on branches at a point just above the main shape of the plant. Includes 1 Elaeagnus in a 2.25 Gal. This has to do with how much food the leaves of the plant produce for the plant. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the root ball. Sku #3190. Elaeagnus x Ebbingei, commonly known as Oleaster is a very popular, robust, fast growing evergreen that makes the most fantastic hedge. Elaeagnus do not require pruning, however respond well to it for shaping, hedges, or to control the size of the plant. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil or potting mix, or a 50/50 combination thereof, for planting. Elaeagnus 'Gilt Edge' after pruning in Fall 2016. To lower the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Many Elaeagnus species harbor nitrogen-fixing organisms in their roots, so are able to grow well in low-nitrogen soils. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Elaeagnus ebbingei … for silvery winter foliage and perfumed autumn air . Copyright var date = new Date(); document.write(date.getFullYear()) Wilson Bros Gardens. To remove your Elaeagnus from the container it was growing in grasp the base of the plant and try to gently remove it from the nursery container. Pruning the wiry new growths in fall will not forfeit the next year's fragrant autumn blooms, since blooms occur on older branches. How to Care for Pieris Japonica Varieties, Fine Gardening: Elaeagnus Pungens (Thorny Elaeagnus), North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Pruning Basics, Washington State University Clark County Extension: Maculata Thorny Elaeagnus. Plant thorny Silverberries in a low-traffic area and allow plenty of space so they can grow without being pruned. Both these shrubs sound ripe for renovation treatment, because it sounds as if they've been allowed to grow untrammelled, ... Pruning any shrub one needs to keep the bottom branch tips wider than the top. With determination it is possible to produce a hedge 1.5 metres tall and only 45cm wide, however allowing a 1 metre width would be easier. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. Elaeagnus. A slower rate indicates poor draining soil and is a caution you need to improve drainage, plant in a raised mound or bed, or look for plants that are more tolerant of wet or boggy conditions. When you have filled the hole to the halfway point you can soak the soil. Height 120/130cm Learn More. Elaeagnus x Ebbingei Compacta a tidy specimen plant that will fill any gap. As with many other shrubs, constantly soggy or wet soil can cause problems with the roots. Avoid using freshly chipped wood for mulch until it has cured in a pile for at least 6 months, a year is better. Set your plant in the container and make necessary adjustments by adding or removing some soil so that the top edge of the root ball will sit approximately 1" below the rim of the container. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in … Add to Cart. Family Elaeagnaceae . Adding organic compost to the soil or using compost as mulch can also help to increase acidity and maintain acid soil conditions. Avoid removing wood that is more than a few years old. Here's a breakdown of what you need to know regarding planting and caring for Elaeagnus... Elaeagnus are easy to grow in a wide range of soils. Similar varieties worth checking out. Pour a small amount of your soil mixture in the bottom of the container. Clusters of inconspicuous, yet highly fragrant yellow flowers appear in summer. Pruning the wiry new growths in fall will not forfeit the next year's fragrant autumn blooms, since blooms occur on older branches. Deadhead spent flowers and trim off dead or woody branches after blooming to shape the plant. Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Compacta' Other names. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. Hedging/Screens, Beds and borders, Drought Tolerant, Cottage/Informal, Banks and Slopes, Low Maintenance, Foliage only. The Diseases of Elaeagnus. Before applying fertilizer, always carefully read and follow instructions on the product label. How To Make Green, Oolong, And Black Tea From Tea Camellia Plants. Excellent as a hedge, backdrop or specimen, Olive Martini provides sturdy structure and stable color. Elaeagnus tolerates the most exposed challenging coastal and windy locations. £92.00. This will create a wonderful privacy hedge that will additionally act as a windbreak. Plant Olive Martini™ Elaeagnus in well-drained soil and water regularly until established. 1. Ideal for planting as a hedge, windbreak, privacy screen, or barrier, it adapts well to pruning and makes an excellent choice for mixed borders and foundations. and should be trimmed to shape in Spring. After having removed the plant from the container, gently loosen some feeder roots around the surface of the root ball. It makes a colourful winter foliage plant and is excellent for using as screening and in winter flower arrangements. Find a local stockist, enter a postcode. 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Ideal for planting as a hedge, windbreak, privacy screen, or barrier, it adapts well to pruning and makes an excellent choice for mixed borders and foundations. Fertilize annually in the early spring, and prune as needed to retain the desired shape. History: A hybrid species of garden origin, Eleagnus x ebbinge is the result of a cross between E. macrophylla and E. pungens (or perhaps E. x reflexa). The genus elaeagnus comprises around fifty species distributed over several continents. Optionally, you can also add some pumice or perlite (maybe 20%) to the soil mixture to help with drainage. Care advice for Oleaster hedges. Elaeagnus x ebbingei Adaptable, vigorous evergreen shrub with silvery grey-green leaves. Oleaster ‘Limelight’makes a fabulous hedge and is adaptable to rigorous pruning. Elaeagnus tolerates the most exposed challenging coastal and windy locations. On variegated forms, promptly remove any green reverted shoots to keep the variegated format. To remove your Elaeagnus from the nursery container grasp the base of the plant and try to gently remove it from the nursery container. So, be extra careful not to overwater during winter! Before filling your container with the soil mix, I recommend lining the bottom with shade cloth or a porous landscape fabric. Tough and durable evergreen shrub. Elaeagnus hedges can be maintained at any height from 120-250cm tall and 50-100cm wide. Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens At a glance these two species are easy to confuse. Elaeagnus adapts to a wide variety of soils and stands up to salt, wind, and pests. You can quickly test soil pH with an inexpensive soil pH tester probe. Any measurement below 7 indicates acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 indicates alkaline. Nitrogen fixation. In five to ten years Elaeagnus Ebbingeii hedges can reach their max height of four metres, and can spread in width anywhere between two and a half to four metres wide if left untrimmed. It can fix Nitrogen. In summary, what you need to know: Last name: Elaeagnus x ebbingei Family: Elaeagnaceae Type: Shrub Height: 2 to 3 m depending on varieties Exposure: Sunny, partial shade Ground: Ordinary Foliage: Persistent or obsolete -Flowering: May to June. Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. Elaeagnus adapts to a wide variety of soils and stands up to salt, wind, and pests. As a group, they’re known for their characteristic silvery scaled foliage and tangy fruit. When planting your Elaeagnus in a site far away from a water source you can use remaining soil mixture to build a water retaining berm (catch basin / doughnut) that is 2 to 3 inches high or so around the outside perimeter of the planting hole. Variety or Cultivar 'Compacta' _ 'Compacta' is an upright, bushy, evergreen shrub bearing elliptic, leathery, dark green leaves and small, fragrant, creamy-white flowers in autumn. If a formal shape or hedge is desired, you can use hedge trimmers to shear plants a couple times or so during the growing season. Heat and drought tolerant. Elaeagnus x ebbingei makes one of the best coastal hedges and is considered a front line coastal shrub. Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens), also called silverthorn or thorny olive, is a fast-growing evergreen shrub that can grow up to 15 feet tall if it is not pruned. Overly long shoots that spoil the shrub’s shape can be cut back to a bud using secateurs. Start by digging your planting hole at least two to three times as wide and as deep as the height of the root ball of your Elaeagnus plant. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Not only will you want to pick a color of container that goes well with the foliage color of your Elaeagnus, you'll also want to pick a container that matches the style of your home or other structures and other plants in the surrounding environment. Elaeagnus tolerates the most exposed challenging coastal and windy locations. Elaeagnus is not grown for its flowers, but that is also unlikely to flower next year if you proceed with your plan. A stray or broken branch can and should be pruned any time of year. Before heading out to buy a container take pictures of your home and the surrounding environment. Elaeagnus ebbingei 'Limelight' Hedge Plants Description. It is an extremely resilient plant able to tolerate a variety of conditions, and is often grown as a windbreak.. Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge' Sku #3193 A splendid combination of golden yellow margins on bright green foliage provides wonderful year-round interest in the landscape. Propagating Elaeagnus E. x ebbingei flowers and fruits most freely on the current year's growth, though it does also produce short fruiting spurs on old wood. She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. If the root ball is stuck in the container, you can either lay the plant on its side and tap on the side of the container to loosen or you can use tin snips to cut the container away. For an extra boost, to stimulate early root formation and stronger root development you can also water you newly planted Elaeagnus with a solution of Root Stimulator, which reduces transplant shock and promotes greener, more vigorous plants. Elaeagnus x Ebbingei Compacta 35 Litre Pot 130-140cm Very Bushy . Prune the branches back to just under the height that you want the shrub. I recommend feeding them in late winter or early spring with a slow-release shrub & tree type fertilizer or a natural, organic plant food. 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